For your "Essay on Democracy in Afghanistan," you will need to use scholarly publications (a book, chapter in a book, or peer-reviewed journal article) to support your research.
The assignment requires that you use at least seven sources, four of which must be scholarly. You are also asked to consult the Freedom House report for Afghanistan (linked near the bottom of this page).
The Statesman's Year-Book is an excellent source for background information about Afghanistan:
Statesman's Year-Book (REF JA51 .S7 2013)
Europa World Year Book is an online source of detailed information about all world countries. From the library homepage, select the yellow "Databases" tab, "Databases A-Z," and scroll down to "Europa World."
Use the Tredway Library catalog, ALiCat, to search for books. If you're not finding what you need, use I-Share, a catalog of all the books in nearly 80 college & university libraries around Illinois.
Searching ALiCat & I-Share:
1) Go directly into the Advanced Search by clicking on the link below the search box; this will give you many more options and will make your search more effective.
2) Stack your keyword search terms to combine them with "and." Example: Afghanistan and democracy or Afghanistan and politic? (the question mark truncates your search; in other words, you'll see results for "politics," "political," etc.)
3) Run a Subject search for the country. When you find a record that seems appropriate for the type of information you're looking for, click on the title for a more detailed description. Note the links next to "Topics" and/or "Regions"; clicking on these links will lead to other titles about the same topic or region.
"Peer-reviewed," "scholarly," "refereed," "academic"...these words can be used interchangeably. They mean that a resource has been thoroughly reviewed by scholars and that the information it contains is of high quality. "Academic" sources can include books, journals, critical reviews, analyses, and original research articles.
From the library homepage, select "Databases," then "Anthropology, Political Science, etc." Read the descriptions of the resources listed to determine which might contain scholarly articles about democracy in Afghanistan. Three possibilities are listed here, but these are certainly not the only options!
▪ Academic Search Premier - be sure to select the box by "Scholarly (Peer-Reviewed) Journals"
▪ Political Science Complete - check the "Scholarly (Peer-Reviewed) Journals" box
▪ PAIS (Public Affairs Information Service) International - change the drop-down boxes from "anywhere" to "keywords"; once you have your results, choose the dark-green tab that says "Peer-Reviewed Journals"
**Locating and reading articles**
So, you've found an article that sounds good. How do you find a copy so you can read it?
1. If there's a full-text link in the database you're in, just click on it!
2. If you don't see a full-text link, go to the library homepage and select "Journals & Magazines," then enter the journal's title to see if the full text is available somewhere else.
3. If Augustana doesn't own the article you're looking for, click on "Interlibrary Loan" under "Research Tools" on the homepage. It's free, and you'll usually get the article within 3-5 days.
CQ Researcher/CQ Global Researcher
These two popular sources provide in-depth, non-biased journalism about current issues of the day. The reports are written by renowned journalists and offer a short history of the issue, current developments, a pro/con section, and a short bibliography.
You can start in either CQ Researcher or CQ Global Researcher; once you start searching, you'll see results from both databases.
You'll find links to both on the "Anthropology, Political Science, etc." library resources page and on the Databases A-Z list.
The first two sites are very useful for background information about your country, but they will not count toward your total sources.
"Background Notes" from the U.S. Department of State
The CIA's "The World Factbook"
Freedom House report for Afghanistan *required for your Afghanistan assignment*
Though these sites are linked here, you can also find them on the library website by first selecting "Databases," then "Anthropology, Political Science, etc.," then choosing "Useful Websites" at the top.
Need help? Ask a librarian!
Created by Anne Earel, Reference Librarian. Updated March 2013.