Celebration of Learning, Concurrent Sessions III
Session III-A: Honors Seminars B
1:30 p.m., Olin 201, Chelsea Fray (communication studies and English), "Literature and Propaganda"
Advisor: Dr. David Crowe
Description: The early 20th century saw a great deal of social change and political turmoil. While men went to fight in wars across Europe, governments charged writers with producing propaganda designed to support war aims. Intellectuals offered their support by creating propaganda, disguised as art. In the case of the Spanish Civil War, Ernest Hemingway offered his support for Republican fighters in the form of the novel "For Whom the Bell Tolls." In fact, this novel not only meets the criteria for propaganda, but also raises the question, is all literature propaganda?
1:50 p.m., Olin 201, Elizabeth Jakaitis (art history), "Cultural Hegemony and the Eclipse of the Sixties"
Advisor: Dr. David Crowe
Description: Art historians for many decades have pondered, without final resolution, the riddle of how appearances in paintings and sculptures both contain their own distinctness and integrity and yet express, necessarily, the world out of which they were made and within which they make sense and create meanings. The art of the 1960s almost always makes connections between form and socio-political implications, and often turns expressions of the capitalist system and its media culture against itself. Such subversive political pranks in popular art and culture offer a means to resist cultural hegemony. For instance, the use of army jackets and war medals during the psychedelic era was a mode of protesting violence and the Vietnam War. However, this countercultural trend was quickly absorbed into the status quo and fed consumer culture. This raises the question, is resistance to cultural hegemony always ultimately sold? If so, does this make the effort futile, or can popular culture accomplish change despite its eventual nullification by consumer culture?
2:10 p.m., Olin 201, Jordan Kirkbride (art history) "A Catalogue of the Furnishings of the Colonel Davenport Home"
Advisor: Dr. Catherine Goebel
Description: Located on the historic Rock Island Arsenal, the 1833 Colonel Davenport House currently is a museum dedicated to sharing the wealth of history that developed during the 19th century on the banks of the Mississippi River. The house is one of the oldest in Illinois, making it an important part of Midwestern history as well. Since the early 20th century, local volunteers and history enthusiasts have worked to restore the house to its former glory. Following two years of volunteer work with the special collections committee at the Colonel Davenport House, I have become well-versed in 19th-century American decorative arts. My work can help the Colonel Davenport House Foundation members sift through their current furnishings in order to understand what is historically appropriate for such a home and where changes might need to be made. The results of my research will ensure a more accurate historic preservation site, enabling members of the community to discern a deeper understanding of an integral part of the community’s history. My project also has resulted in the creation of an educational booklet which, in the near future, will be published and distributed at the home.
2:30 p.m., Olin 201, Christine Harb (psychology), "Self-Identity and Self-Esteem of Palestinian Youth in Go Palestine Camp"
Advisor: Dr. Brian Katz
Description: This study investigates the relationship between the self-identity and self-esteem of Palestinian teenagers in a three-week camp called Go Palestine Summer Camp. Located in the Palestinian territories, the camp welcomes teenagers who were born and raised in Palestine and Palestinians from other parts of the world. At the beginning and end of the camp, two psychological surveys were simultaneously administered to the campers to measure self-esteem and self-identity. The study focuses on changes within each group of Palestinians, and the differences between them.
1:30 p.m., Olin 202, Katherine Boardman (music), "Ancient Greek Musical Effects in 17th-Century Italy"
Advisor: Dr. Randall Hall
Description: During the Renaissance, composers were fascinated by ancient Greek music, although we do not know what it sounded like. They read stories from ancient writers, including Plato, about the profoundly moving effects ancient music had had on its listeners. Although many theorists tried to reconstruct ancient Greek compositional techniques, it is music by Giulio Caccini, who was primarily a singer, which has retained more lasting interest among musicians to this day. Caccini was able to take the nebulous ideas surrounding ancient music and compose successful songs, which emphasize the performer as a means of moving the listener.
1:45 p.m., Olin 202, Kylie Koger (classics), "Delving Inside the Classical Female Body: A Study of Gynaecology within the Ancient Greco-Roman World"
Advisor: Dr. Kirsten Day
Description: A woman's life is defined by blood and pain. Indeed, it is interesting to note that all of those things most associated with the masculine art of war—blood, pain and even death—are also closely associated with a female’s initiation into womanhood. For women, however, this process is the result of a natural phenomenon having to do with the nature of the female body. In many ways, this can even be taken as a sort of betrayal against women by their very bodies. How, then, is this natural phenomenon to be understood? Early Greek gynaecological texts (dating back to the 5th and 4th centuries BCE) demonstrate how men sought to make sense of that which was so distinctly foreign to them—the female body—to both support and justify the mainstream-masculine views towards women at the time. And yet, by taking a closer look at these medical texts, a faint view of how women themselves once made sense of their own bodes begins to emerge, along with how they might have used this information to take a more active role in shaping their own lives.
2 p.m., Olin 202, Richard Pipes Jr. (classics), "The Ancients’ View of Race"
Advisor: Dr. Emil Kramer
Description: What I am researching or looking for in my Senior Inquiry is how the Ancient Roman and Greeks perceived race. I am arguing that they made their guesses and assumptions not from a racial or ethnocentric view, but from an observed view. They would make their assumptions by going back into their own stories, or stories told to them by travelers, or by observation. They tried to explain and justify why the different cultures and races of their time were different. The Ancients perceived race differently than we did which is why I wanted to research this topic. This area of Classics is not strongly taught and this sparked my interest in the subject. I hope that my findings will shed light on this area.
2:15 p.m., Olin 202, Katherine Rea (classics), "The Neglected Heavens: Gender and the Cults of Helios and Selene in Bronze Age and Historical Greece"
Advisor: Dr. Mischa Hooker
Description: Why did the Greeks not consider Helios and Selene to be major deities, and why did the Greeks characterize the sun as male and the moon as female? Although the Greeks believed the sun and moon were divine, they also (somewhat disdainfully) associated their worship in a large-scale cultic setting with the barbarians. Despite this, it is from the Greeks that our own Western cultural pairings of sun/male, moon/female are descended. And yet, the Greeks stand out when compared with other Aegean and Near Eastern civilizations with whom the Greeks would have had contact during the Bronze Age before their historical pantheon had solidified, such as the Minoans, Hittites and Ugarit—cultures that not only paid more worship to the sun and moon but also characterized them as the opposite genders. The origins of Greek religion is difficult to trace; we know it is composed of elements from Indo-European culture and from other, non-Indo-European civilizations, but it is not always easy to distinguish which elements came from where. This paper attempts to fill this gap by comparing the cults and mythic roles of Helios and Selene to their counterparts in other Bronze Age civilizations, discussing why the Greeks assigned the genders that they did to the sun and moon, and what may have happened during the Dark Age to deemphasize their place in historical Greek religion.
1:30 p.m., Old Main Forum, Mason Broxham (philosophy), "Exploring Dennett’s Multiple Drafts Model: Abstracted Universals and Non-fixed Subjectivity"
Advisor: Dr. David Hill
Description: This paper applies Daniel Dennett's Multiple Drafts (MD) model to two distinct arguments. I will argue that viewing the self as a universal rather than an individual is more coherent in light of Dennett's MD model. By highlighting Dennett's observation that any narrative of a continuous self must be an abstraction and cross-applying this with my previous discussion of the self as a universal, I will arrive at a version of the self I call an abstracted universal. These are a self-set, which believe themselves to be continuous — a conclusion drawn from consistent memory and physical structure — but are in fact instantiations of consciousness projecting a self (abstracted) that could potentially be duplicated or uploaded (universal). The first argument is central to my next claim. Relying on the first conclusion, I will argue that beyond the physical body, this abstracted self is all of us that exists. However, sometimes we psychologically include things that are not a part of our physical body as a part of our functional ones (a spider's web, the shell of a hermit crab, the clothes we wear). Here, I will propose an inclusion of these extended psychological selves as actual parts of selfhood — indeed, they are essential for it. I will argue it is better to construe physical objects with which we interact, but specifically to the extent that our interaction results in precise manipulation, as a part of the self.
2 p.m., Old Main Forum, Nicholas Levato, Patrick Ruddy, Lauranne Schone, Samantha Swanborg and Lauren Williamson (philosophy), "Forums of Experience"
Advisor: Dr. David Hill
Description: It is commonly held that the mind is a subject of experience and often held that mind and brain are identical. Dr. David Hill argues against this, because I and my brain do not share the same properties, and so we cannot be numerically identical. Although this conclusion is correct, it does not follow from his analysis. I have reworked the theory to account for experience by arguing that I am my mind, and my mind operates through forums available to it. The Forums of Experience had the capacity to expand and contract in experience, not limiting themselves to particular qualities and properties. Since the mind is not limited to particular qualities and properties, claims made about an individual based on properties of the brain are irrelevant. Thus, Dr. Hill's conclusion can be better argued for on this basis.
1:30 p.m., Hanson 327, Stuart Casarotto (engineering physics and environmental studies), "Estimating Stormwater Runoff for the City of Moline’s Future Development"
Advisor: Dr. Reuben Heine
Description: I will present my work on estimating stormwater runoff for the City of Moline’s future development of the Airport South District (ASD). The purpose of this work is help the City of Moline have an estimate of stormwater that will need to be managed following the development of a large area south of the Rock River. This presentation will focus on my findings and recommendations to the City of Moline on how to best mitigate the expected stormwater runoff. This research was conducted with the help of Dr. Reuben Heine and Dr. Michael Reisner, and also Greg Swanson and Erica Williams from the City of Moline.
1:45 p.m., Hanson 327, Erek Bell and Kelly Farina (geography), "Discussion on Food Insecurity in the Quad Cities"
Advisor: Dr. Christopher Strunk
Description: This presentation will be a student-facilitated discussion on hunger and food insecurity throughout the Quad-Cities area. This presentation also will focus on the presenters’ reflections on research conducted for a Senior Inquiry project for the geography department and an internship with University of Illinois Extension-Rock Island. What we hope to accomplish through this presentation is to further develop the audience’s understanding and knowledge of food insecurity in the Quad Cities. The Senior Inquiry project focused on the availability of hunger services (meal sites, community gardens and food pantries) based on levels of poverty in a particular area to see if people were receiving the help that they needed. The internship is centered around helping residents living in food deserts gain access to grocery stores that they otherwise would not have access to.
2 p.m., Hanson 327, Danna Jensen (geography and environmental studies), "An Analysis of the Correlations Between Freshwater Mussel Species Richness and Land Use in McHenry County, Illinois"
Advisor: Dr. Reuben Heine
Description: Land use has negative and positive externalities on aquatic environments. This study examines the question if mussel specie richness is influenced by watershed land use and if there are any correlations between other mussel indices and land use. The mussel indices measured were Mussel Classification Index (MCI), specie average rank of importance and specie richness. Twenty-five surveys were conducted on streams in McHenry County, Ill., in both the Fox and Kishwaukee watersheds. To conduct statistical analysis, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and SAS JMPIN were used to examine crop and developed land use along with the mussel data. The analyses imply that mussel richness, MCI and average rank of importance are better in watersheds with more agricultural land cover than in developed.
2:15 p.m., Hanson 327, Nicole Swanberg (environmental studies), "Assessing Augustana Faculty, Student and Staff Awareness, Attitudes and Priorities of Campus Sustainability With Respect to Environmental Worldview"
Advisor: Dr. Michael Reisner
Description: To assess Augustana’s campus sustainability priorities, behaviors and awareness for my environmental studies Senior Inquiry, I conducted a survey of Augustana students, faculty and staff using a variety of behavioral, New Ecological Paradigm, and knowledge-based questions. The results were analyzed using SPSS statistics software, and I found that priorities, behaviors and awareness differed among worldview groups. I hope that the findings will be implemented into Augustana’s Sustainability Plan.
1:30 p.m., Old Main 117, Rachel Przybylek (religion), "The Roman Catholic Traditions of Sex and Marriage through the Eyes of a Cafeteria Catholic"
Advisor: Dr. Dan Lee
Description: The Roman Catholic Church, its dogmatic teachings and beliefs are taught worldwide and yet its followers’ beliefs are ever changing. Sex and marriage within the Roman Catholic Church is both predictably familiar and frustratingly old. While the concepts of sex and marriage are seen physically evident in the Bible as well as presented during scripture and gospels during Mass, its parishioners are not always listening. Specifically, the Roman Catholic Church or “The Church” has noticed the recent decline in its parishioners’ attention towards its teachings or rather selective deafness towards the teachings on marriage and sex. The individuals who are selectively going deaf are called “Cafeteria Catholics,” individuals that in short, pick and choose what they want to follow in the Roman Catholic Religion. Discussed and presented will be a summary of the original teachings both past and present on controversial topics for the Roman Catholic Church, such as standards of marriage, cohabitation, artificial contraception, the use of artificial contraceptives in the 20th century and “The Church’s” compared views to the traditional teachings, rules and regulations of sex in general as well as specific, and the differing views of the “Cafeteria Catholics.” Finally, the impact of the future for marriage and sex for the Roman Catholic Church as well as its parishioners with the placement of a new pope with a more worldly view.
1:45 p.m., Old Main 117, Megan Vander Wall (religion), "Confidentiality and the Client-Counselor Relationship"
Advisor: Dr. Dan Lee
Description: Confidentiality is a principle that is important in many aspects of today’s society. When one goes to the doctor, one assumes his or her record is sealed and the doctor has a legal obligation to keep the patient’s medical condition and history private. Similarly, when a client speaks to a lawyer, their conversations are considered private and are protected. In the same way, counseling professionals such as licensed counselors, psychologists, chaplains, etc., are required to keep a high level of confidentiality contributing to a healthy counselor client relationship and allowing for a safe counseling environment. The goal of this project is not to downgrade the importance of confidentiality, but rather to reinforce its importance by engaging in the ambiguities that are evident in decisions regarding confidentiality. While confidentiality is important and should be highly respected, it is also just as important to be able to recognize when confidentiality needs to be breached. Some may argue that confidentiality should be absolute, in that a client’s confidentiality should never be breached. However, in cases in which a third party or the client himself/herself is in imminent danger, absolute confidentiality does not work to protect all lives involved in a situation. There are certain situations in which breaching confidentiality is not only important, but necessary. It is the job of the counseling professional to be able to assess these types of situations and decide whether it is appropriate to either respect confidentiality or breach a client’s confidence.
2 p.m., Old Main 117, Lea Schilke (psychology and sociology), "Attitudes Towards Mental Illness"
Advisor: Dr. Marsha Smith
Description: Mental illness often is associated with negative stereotypes and stigmas. These views can be damaging to individuals living with mental health problems and can impact their self-esteem and desire to seek necessary psychiatric help. My research examined how Augustana students view mental illnesses as a whole and specific disorders independently. This study shed light on attitudes held towards mental illnesses while looking into possible influencing factors. The categories that were tested to determine connections with attitudes towards mental illness included previous exposure to and relationship with various disorders, comfort level, media consumption and college majors/minors. The commonality and abnormality of disorders also was considered when searching for factors that are related to attitudes towards mental illnesses. Results indicated that exposure to mental illness and social science studies yielded positive influence on attitudes and that more common disorders were viewed more positively. On the other hand, overall media exposure yielded negative attitudes and less common and more abnormal disorders were viewed more negatively. This research revealed interesting results regarding how Augustana students view mental illnesses and different aspects of mental health.
2:15 p.m., Old Main 117, Emily Matuseski (history) "The Interstate Saga"
Advisor: Dr. Brian Leech
Description: I will be presenting on my Senior Inquiry. I researched the anti-freeway movements in Duluth, Minn., and Moline, Ill. I plan to give a brief overview of automobile and interstate history, followed by a narrative on Duluth and Moline’s interstate stories. Then I will explain my analysis and significance section.
1:30 p.m., Olin 209, Hannah Bohn (French), "Walking With the Dead: Exploring the Relationship between Haiti's Francois Dualier and Vodou's Baron Samedi"
Advisor: Dr. Sarah Skrainka
Description: The religion of Vodou has a prominent role in Haitian history and society. For practitioners, serving the spirits, the loa, is a lifestyle and a culture. My research concerns the relationship between Baron Samedi, the Vodou loa of death, and François Duvalier, a dictatorial president in Haiti from 1957-1971. Duvalier often would appear in public in the undertaker's suit, top hat and sunglasses attributed to Baron Samedi in order to project the image of his mysticism and power. This presentation explores Baron Samedi as he is represented in Vodou folklore and as he is perceived by Haitians as well as Duvalier's manipulation of Vodou and Baron Samedi for political gain. The poem "Baron Samedi" and the novel le mât de cocagne, by Haitian writer René Depestres, offers a literary basis for discussion of both Baron Samedi and François Duvalier. I argue that due to his ambiguous nature, Baron Samedi was a strategic tool used by Duvalier to maintain an environment of fear and respect for his enduring power as president for life.
1:45 p.m., Olin 209, Kyle Soyer (French), "Defending a Culture, Departing Tradition: The Music of Zachary Richard and the French Language in North America"
Advisor: Dr. Sarah Skrainka
Description: Since French-speaking settlers first arrived in Canada in the 17th century, the music they brought with them has developed several characteristics and styles. At the same time, it has remained in a constant state of evolution and flux due to interactions with other cultures and their music. This evolution has continued despite the hardships endured by French Canadians, including the forced expulsion of Acadians from New France in 1755 and, later, Louisiana's 1916 Compulsory Education Act prohibiting French in schools. Moreover, it is a testament to the change in cultural identity change caused by the 1755 expulsion that transformed a group of migrant Acadians to Louisiana’s Cajuns.
2 p.m., Olin 209, Jennifer Evans (French) "Globalization: Good for Business, Bad for Culture"
Advisor: Dr. Sarah Skrainka
Description: Over the past couple of decades, we have started to see an increase in globalization. This term refers in part to the phenomenon of businesses targeting consumers and markets across national lines. Consequently, a number of these businesses operate offices in more than one country. This requires accountants to master “fluency” in more than one set of accounting norms. Recently there have been calls for a global set of accounting standards from several countries. Although these global standards would help businesses conduct international affairs, the impact that globalization is having on cultures is of far greater concern. Globalization has started to merge languages and stimulate the assimilation of minority cultures into economically dominant ones. If we as both Americans and inhabitants of this planet are not aware of this consequence and do not address the resulting situation, we will start to lose one of the most beneficial components of living on Earth.
2:15 p.m., Olin 209, Katherine Boardman (French), "The Self in Troubadour Poetry"
Advisor: Dr. Sarah Skrainka
Description: The development of our modern concept of the self took centuries. The troubadours, poet-musicians of the south of France during the 12th century, left a legacy of love poetry that explored the idea of fin'amors, which was a new way of looking at romantic love, but also was a step on the way to a more individualized concept of the self.
1:30 p.m., Hanson 305, Dr. Todd Cleveland (history), "Following the Ball: African Soccer Players, Labor Strategies and Emigration Across the Portuguese Colonial Empire, 1949-75"
Description: This talk explores those African soccer players who made their way from Portugal's colonial territories to the metropole to ply their athletic skills from the late 1940s until the conclusion of the empire in 1975. Many of these athletes performed spectacularly on the field, significantly elevating the play of their respective club teams and vaulting the Portuguese national team to unprecedented levels, even as Portugal brutally suppressed a series of nationalist insurgencies in its African territories. While many players sought to pursue their social improvement objectives on the field, many others strategically parlayed their ability to travel to Portugal to continue their studies and/or to secure long-term employment; both pursuits were intended to safeguard these athletes' futures beyond the end of their playing days. Ultimately, these players' experiences illuminate the cosmetic and limited nature of the Portuguese dictatorship's (1926-74) labor and social reforms-even when applied to the nation's highest-profile wage-earners-but also some of the ways that Africans could creatively, if carefully, exploit opportunities generated by shifts in the social, occupational and political landscape in the waning decades of the Portuguese empire.
1:45 p.m., Hanson 305, Dr. David Ellis (history), "Two Souls in One Convervative Breast: The Internecine Struggle Between the Wochenblatt and Kreuzzeitung Factions in 19th-Century Prussia"
Description: This paper explains why a fairly homogenous group of religiously and political conservative leaders split into two factions, and makes the case that the split contributed to the emergence of modern conservatism in 19th-century Prussia.
2 p.m., Hanson 305, Dr. Ann Ericson (business administration), "The Most Pressing Global Issue Is? Values, Attitudes and Opinions Held by U.S. and Vietnamese College Students"
Description: It depends on the topic as to whether college students in the United States and Vietnam are in agreement. Even with their cultural differences, there is commonality as to the values they believe should be instilled in children. However there is a divide as to what they feel the most pressing global issue is, possibly a result of differences in the countries’ political ideology. This ideological difference could also explain why U.S. students feel more in control of their lives. Questions asked of these 18- to 22-year-old business students were from the World Values Survey.
2:15 p.m., Hanson 305, Sarah Berndt (anthropology and art history), "Change Over Time: Romanesque Fieldstone Churches in the Fläming Region of Eastern Germany"
Advisors: Dr. Kim Vivian and Dr. Margaret Morse
Description: The Fläming region of eastern Germany is a rural area home to more than 100 small stone churches that date from the 11th to the early 14th century. Feldsteinkirchen, or fieldstone churches, in the Fläming have undergone roughly a millennium of history and transformation. Four weeks of onsite research in the Fläming produced field-work findings that demonstrate patterns in the architecture and ornamentation of the Feldsteinkirchen. These patterns reflect centuries of original design elements, intentional change by human hands, and circumstantial change caused by age and weathering. In many cases, the intentional alterations coincide with historical periods of political and religious change across the communities of the Higher Fläming. Presented through an art historical lens, the objectives of this presentation are to highlight patterns of architectural modification in the medieval Feldsteinkirchen and to connect those changes to historical events and religious practices in the Higher Fläming.